Since we are always looking for the Best Hair Serum For Hair Growth, we scoured online reviews for today’s top-rated Best Hair Serum For Hair Growth. Click the links below to view these products. Thereafter, all I had to do was rank them according to popularity! Below is our list of everything you need to know. Research has been conducted and only the most successful ones have been chosen for you!
It has taken hours to research the most relevant Hair Serum For Hair Growth After reading all the resources, here are some of our top-rated products that you can learn more about, as well as where they are headed with their newest products in modern times. The models that we found were the most reliable.
Best Hair Serum For Hair Growth
- USDA CERTIFIED ORGANIC CASTOR OIL - Kate Blanc’s Organic Cold Pressed Castor Oil is certified by USDA and is guaranteed to be authentic, pure, natural, and hexane free. 100% Guaranteed Authentic or FULL REFUND.
- GROW LUSH LONG EYELASHES AND BOLD EYEBROWS - The eyelash and eyebrow kit allow simple application to eye lashes and brow lines to promote eyelash growth and eyebrow growth. The glass droplet allow eye drops for eyelash and for nails.
- STIMULATE HAIR GROWTH - Grow longer and thicker hair in a quick, natural way, while also diminishing hair loss. Pure castor oil is a natural hair treatment pack for dry brittle hair, dry scalps, and dandruff.
- SMOOTHER SKIN - Keep your face moisturized and reduce blemishes, acne, pimples, scars, and fine lines without leaving your skin dry. Pure castor oil is a great organic hair oil and acts as a oil free moisturizer to repair hair.
- ONE YEAR WARRANTY - We aim to offer the highest quality and most authentic products. We guarantee your satisfaction. If you are not satisfied with your purchase, please return it for a FULL REFUND within 365 days. Add to Cart.
- Faster, Healthier & Stronger Hair Growth - Our vitamin-rich hair growth serum has been proven to stimulate hair growth at its root while improving hair texture, fullness, and strength for both women and men.
- Reduce Hair Loss & Restore Thinning Hair - This powerful remedy protects and nourishes hair to reduce further hair loss and breakage. It revives the scalp and follicles to prevent further thinning while promoting new thicker hair growth.
- Gentle & Premium Natural Ingredients - Follicle-boosting natural botanical ingredients and vitamins are carefully curated to form the most gentle yet effective hair growth solution for all hair types.
- Nourishing Leave-In Conditioning - Revitalize dry, damaged and frizzy hair and improve hair elasticity by using this serum as a leave-in treatment. Hair will feel and look smoother, softer and shinier.
- Enjoy an effortless appliance: using and implementing our hair growth treatment in your daily routine is super easy! All you have to do is use the dropping system on the top of the bottle to measure the oil and then apply it to your hair.
- HEALTHY HAIR GROWTH - Plants extracts help visibly increase hair density up to 50%
- SAFE & EFFECTIVE - We left out all the bad stuff found in other products
- STRONGER ROOTS - Use it as an all-over scalp energizer
- PROVEN INGREDIENTS - Our original, vegan formula helps hair grow longer, stronger
- STRESS-BUSTING! - Massage serum into scalp and relax! 90-DAY, Money Back Guarantee!
- Excellent Option for Luscious Hair: Our hair growth serum for women and men are an excellent solution for those of you who want to enjoy fuller and richer hair using an all-natural and harmless product designed for all hair types.
- How It Works: This hair growth serum activates the dormant hair follicles on the scalp, promoting rapid hair growth and scalp and hair nourishment. The bioactive nutrients feed the follicles while nourishing and soothing the scalp.
- Premium Formula: Our hair serum for hair growth is made with 100% natural ingredients that protect the scalp and follicles. The serum contains ginger, panax ginseng, anemarrhena asphodeloides, and sophora flavescens.
- Scalp and Follicle Treatment: This hair growth oil for men and women can help to balance an oily scalp while increasing the hair volume by restoring hair follicles. This can help to reduce hair loss and breakage, as well as reduce further hair loss.
- Quick and Easy Application: This hair serum for hair growth has an incredible texture that is quickly absorbed into the scalp and follicles. You can simply massage a small amount of the serum for 2-3 minutes until fully absorbed.
- HEALTHIER & FULLER HAIR - Our nourishing formula strengthens thinning and weak hair resulting in noticeably thicker, fuller and healthier hair. Hair becomes smoother and shinier with less frizz and breakage.
- IMPRESSIVE HAIR GROWTH - EssyNaturals Hair Growth Oil is packed with vitamins, antioxidants and nutrients that effectively stimulate stronger and faster hair growth on both men and women.
- TOP QUALITY POWER INGREDIENTS - All natural and pure ingredients Castor Oil, Caffeine, Rosemary Oil and Biotin blend harmoniously to create a magical formula. Castor Oil is filled with omega 6 essential fatty acids, minerals, proteins, and vitamin E to promote healthier and stronger hair. Caffeine compounds stimulate the hair follicles to speed up hair growth.
- SAFE & GENTLE - EssyNaturals hair growth oil is very gentle yet provides amazing results. It is non-paraben, non-cruelty, non-gluten, non-sulfate, non-parfum and non-triclosan.
- EFFECTIVE - This EarthShine BIOTIN Hair Growth Serum Revitalizing Serum has been proven to promote hair growth by rejuvenating hair follicles, giving you amazing results in the shortest amount of time! Biotin hair oil for men & women.
- RESTORE THINNING HAIR AND HEALTHY HAIR - Treat yourself to the BEST solution to achieve thicker, stronger, longer, softer, and overall healthier hair. Prevent further thinning.
- A PERFECT BLEND OF NATURAL INGREDIENTS - Our hair regrowth serum for women and men with its follicle-boosting natural biotin for hair that botanical ingredients and the perfect blend of natural root activators, you can finally have the hair you have always wanted!
- COMFORTABLE AND NON-GREASY - Treat your hair with active nutrients that keep them looking moisturized and healthy without looking greasy!
- SUITABLE FOR ALL HAIR TYPES - EarthShine BIOTIN Hair Growth Oil Revitalizing Serum is designed for all hair types. If you have curly, straight, light, dark, long, or short hair, this revitalizing serum was made for you!
- MANE MAKEOVER - This hair shine serum transforms dry, damaged hair leaving it lush and glossy. What’s more is that this frizz control hair product works well on straight or curly hair.
- IMPROVES LUSTER - The novel mix of Aloe and Argan oil extracts work in this de-frizz hair product leave your tresses soft, shiny and stunning. From de-glam to glamorous in a matter of minutes.
- COMPLETE HAIR CARE SOLUTION - This hair smoothing serum is a complete hair styling solution. It reduces frizz, tames hair, loosens tangles, lessens split ends and restores shine to hair.
- NOURISHES - Aloe Vera nourishes the scalp, addresses hair woes and stimulates dormant hair follicles. This Vitamin E serum locks in moisture and nutrients to condition your hair.
- NON GREASY - Ideal for daily use, this frizzy hair serum can be used by men and women. Its aroma lingers to leave hair fragrant and soft to the touch.
- BIOTIN AND 5% MINOXIDIL FORMULA: The perfect Davv 5% Minoxidil formula strengthens thinning and weak hair resulting in noticeably thicker, fuller, and healthier hair. Our hair growth serum treatment contains bio-active nutrients that help accelerate hair growth and replenish the scalp’s natural oils essential for hair growth.5% Minoxidil is the #1 Dermatologist Recommended ingredient for hair loss and is clinically proven and effective for hair growth.
- Spray for Hair Loss: Give extra strength to your follicle with our revolutionary Minox recipe. Achieve excellent results in 4-8 weeks of constant usage This serum will reduce hair damage and hair loss by revitalizing the hair from the roots and repairing split ends.
- Easy to Use: We designed the spray type to be 0.25MM/ spray so you can precisely calculate your dosage and ensure lasting for one month/ bottle. for best results, apply to slightly damp hair after washing or rinsing for best absorption
- The Perfect spray - The bottle jet is direct; your application will directly hit the scalp and beard. The traditional Minoxidil has a pulverization method, which wastes serum on the hair shafts.
- High Priority Customer Service : If you have any questions or concerns about your order, contact us at any time. Our staff is here to help. We offer 30 days guarantee for a refund.
- 100% VEGAN Formula: Lanmeri Growth Hair Serum is powered by proprietary plant-based, cruelty-free formula and enhanced it with powerful new phyto-actives. The original vegan formula nourishes the follicular ecosystem and scalp to support and enhance healthier hair, promoting visibly thicker, fuller, longer-looking hair.
- Lightweight Growth Scalp Serum: Infused with a powerful blend of multiple amino acids and peptides to detox follicle buildup, support thicker hair, and encourage overall scalp health. It revives the scalp and follicles to prevent further thinning while promoting new thicker hair growth. Your hair will be happy when your scalp is happy.
- Fuller-looking Hair in 90 Days: Increase the appearance of hair density by up to 52%, reduce signs of shedding by up to 76% after use of 90 days. Our hair growth serum has been proven to stimulate hair growth at its root while improving hair texture, fullness, and strength for both women and men.
- Scientifically Proven Ingredients: Mung bean has shown in clinical studies to help fortify the cellular matrix of the dermal papillae, Curcumin increase the delivery of 1GF-1 & miRNA-31 to the derma papilla which may facilitate the hair’s anagen phase. Red Clover has clinically shown in some subjects to inhibit DHT production.
- Unmatched Quality You Can Trust: Improve appearance of thin hair due by nourishing hair follicles and simulating growth and detoxifying product build up, our hair serum is made for you! We hope you enjoy our serum the most! Please reach out to us if you need our help or have questions.
- Hair growth for men & women - The Biotin hair growth serum women love and men rely on. Pureauty's Biotin hair serum is ideal for supplementing hair loss treatments for women and hair loss treatments for men to get thicker, fuller looking hair.
- The Biotin Hair Care Authority - Pair our Biotin serum with our Biotin Shampoo and Conditioner for maximum hair support. Add this to your daily routine of using Pureauty's Shampoo & Biotin Conditioner for a full spectrum approach to thicker looking hair.
- Premium Biotin Product - Our Biotin for hair formula is Non-Greasy, and made with premium ingredients. The secret lies in the formula of Biotin, D Panthenol (Pro-Vitamin B5), Pisum Sativum Pea Sprout Extract, and other active ingredients and nutrients.
- Biotin Hair Growth - Give your hair the appearance of thicker hair with our Biotin hair serum. The Biotin oil alternative, our hair thickening serum is a non-greasy topical Biotin. Biotin hair serum for women and men also gives the appearance of thicker looking hair.
- Non-greasy, A little goes a long way - We stand by our high quality standards. Our non-greasy Biotin hair serum is made in the USA and is never tested on animals. We also believe in value - that's why just a little bit of our product goes a long way - making your bottle last longer.
- ACTIVATE VISIBLY THICKER HAIR: An extremely fast-absorbing and lightweight hair serum for women and men formulated with Ashwagandha Exosomes to boost cell renewal at the scalp. Combats dry, brittle, thinning hair and breakage with plant extracts that nourish and strengthen.
- NATURAL, VEGAN, & 100% DRUG-FREE: A clean formula that nourishes thinning hair and supports stronger-feeling, thicker-looking strands with clinically tested botanical ingredients in an advanced delivery system.
- REVOLUTIONARY PLANT EXOSOME TECHNOLOGY: By upcycling the seeds from the same Ashwagandha in hair growth Nutraceuticals, Nutrafol unlocked a proprietary technology to extract plant exosomes.
- CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE INGREDIENTS: Formulated with a patented complex of powerful phytoactives clinically shown to improve hair density and visible thickness after 90 days of daily use. For best results, use in conjunction with Nutrafol clinically proven hair growth nutraceuticals.
- THE #1 DERMATOLOGIST-RECOMMENDED HAIR GROWTH SUPPLEMENT BRAND.*: Grow with the brand trusted by leading dermatologists to improve hair growth naturally. *According to IQVIA ProVoice survey for 12 months ending August 31, 2021.
- 【Allurium Hair Growth Serum 】: Works perfect for people who need to grow hair fast, have thinning hair, pattern baldness, brittle or weak hair, etc. This oil serum will reduce hair damage and hair loss by revitalizing the hair from the roots and repair split ends.
- 【NATURAL & GENTLE】For black female hair,Our Serum is very natural and gentle yet provides amazing results. Romote hair growth by rejuvenating hair follicles, giving you amazing results in the shortest amount of time.
- 【Improve the Appearance of Thin Hair】: This serum thickens thin hair and helps to balance the oily scalp, increasing hair volume as it restores nutrients to hair follicles.
- Simple to Operate】 Allurium Hair Growth Serum Just drop it directly on the hair root and massage for full absorption, and continuous application will achieve visible effect to leave your hair shiny, silky and soft more easily.
- ✔Effective: Our hair growth serum has been proven to stimulate hair growth at its root and promotes hair regrowth by rejuvenating the scalp and hair follicles in only 2 months or less!
- ✔Ingredients: It has been proven safe because our hair growth oil uses natural and pure ingredients: rosemary oil, caffeine, castor oil for hair growth, and biotin blend harmoniously. It has omega-6 essential fatty acids, minerals, proteins, and vitamin E to promote stronger hair.
- ✔Easy to Use: Just apply a proper amount of serum to your scalp and massage it until absorbed. It only takes a few minutes for each use at home.
- ✔Comfortable: This hair growth product treats your hair with active nutrients that keep it moisturized and healthy without looking greasy. It is an effective and gentle hair growth solution for different hair types.
- ✔Application: This hair serum for hair growth is ideal for supplementing hair loss treatments for women and men to get thicker, fuller-looking hair.
- Natural hair growth serum- Infused with biotin and collagen oil stimulates the scalp to encourage hair growth,nourishing and thickening for healthy hair
- Nourish & Thickening- Adding a protective seal to every strand for advanced UV and chemical protections,help defrizz, strengthen and moisturize hair
- Easy To Incorporate Into Your Daily Hair Care Routine - Work a quarter-sized amount of product into palms and style after washing or rinsing or dry hair, working from root to tip of hair using your fingertips
- Safe products-Color safe, free of sulfates, parabens and gluten
- Risk free- Use all the Luseta Products. If you're not satisfied, our highly trained customer service is ready to help or give you a full refund
- PROMOTE NATURAL HEALTHY HAIR GROWTH: Our Hair Growth Serum is designed to revitalize, strengthen, protect, and stimulate hair follicles. The formula strengthens thinning and weak hair resulting in noticeably thicker, fuller, and healthier hair. Our oil treatment contains bio-active nutrients that help accelerate hair growth and replenish the scalp’s natural oils essential for hair growth.
- BIOTIN PLUS 5% MINOXIDIL FORMULA: The secret behind our clinically proven formula are these 2 main ingredients in combination with several vitamins, antioxidants, and nutrients that effectively stimulate stronger and faster hair growth on both men & women. 5% Minoxidil is the #1 Dermatologist Recommended ingredient for hair loss and is clinically proven and effective for hair growth.
- PREMIUM QUALITY INGREDIENTS + SAFE & GENTLE: This hair growth solution is the perfect blend of powerful growth stimulating ingredients including Biotin, 5% Minoxidil, and Ginseng Extract as well as other natural ingredients & oils. This approved serum is safe, effective, and gentle on the hair and does NOT contain parabens, gluten, sulfates, or any toxins.
- HAIR LOSS PREVENTION + AMAZING BENEFITS: Works perfect for people who need to grow hair fast, have thinning hair, pattern baldness, brittle or weak hair, etc. This oil serum will reduce hair damage and hair loss by revitalizing the hair from the roots and repair split ends. It is easily absorbed into your hair and scalp because it is all pure, natural ingredients.
- EASY TO USE & FIT INTO CURRENT ROUTINE: For best results, apply 2-4 drops to slightly damp hair after washing or rinsing for best absorption. Work a quarter-sized amount of product into palms and massage into your scalp & hair, working from the root to tip of hair using your fingertips, and massage until your hair fully absorbs all the nutrients. If you prefer, you can add it to your shampoo as well.
- THICKER HAIR: This biotin hair growth serum from Bellisso is formulated to help improve your hair’s thickness and volume; People love our hair growth oil to help stimulate follicles and fight hair loss at the source; Our hair growth products are recognized for their potent abilities and premium ingredients
- QUALITY: Each batch of our hair thickening products for women and men has undergone stringent quality inspection and hundreds of hours of development with leading hair loss experts; Bellisso’s biotin hair growth serum is crafted to the highest standards; The Bellisso promise is this; if we wouldn’t use our hair loss products ourselves, we won’t sell them
- LEAVE IN: Our hair loss treatments for women and men work best when left in overnight; Simply apply a few drops of our hair oils for hair growth to wet hair and massage or comb through; Our biotin for hair growth can help to encourage thicker, more luxurious hair for both men and women
- LESS BREAKAGE: This blend of botanical extracts and biotin oil for hair growth coats each strand with a protective exterior to help prevent split ends and breakage; Give stressed out locks a fighting chance with a hair thickener treatment that protects and encourages growth
- PROMOTES GROWTH: More than just hair tonic, the biotin and essential oils in this hair serum for hair growth may help stimulate stronger, more vigorous hair follicles; With biotin, sunflower, evening primrose and lavender oils, our hair strengthening treatment is head and shoulders above inferior biotin hair serum
- 【Allurium Hair Growth Serum 】Works perfect for people who need to grow hair fast, have thinning hair, pattern baldness, brittle or weak hair, etc. This chebe hair oil serum will reduce hair damage and hair loss by revitalizing the hair from the roots and repair split ends.
- 【Promotes Natural And Healthy Hair Growth】Our hair growth serums are designed to revitalize, strengthen, protect and stimulate hair follicles. This formula strengthens thin and brittle hair for visibly thicker, fuller and healthier looking hair.
- 【All Natural Ingredients】Allurium hair growth serum is made of ginseng, angelica sinensis, sophora flavescens, ginger extract and so on, it contains a unique blend of ancient organic herbs and natural vitamins that stimulate your hair follicles and encourages new hair growth from your trouble areas.
- 【 Strong and Fragile Hair】Allurium Hair Growth Serum Protects and nourishes hair and reduces further hair loss and broken hair. It rejuvenates the scalp and hair follicles, and promotes new thick hair growth. It is an effective hair loss treatment for black women.
- 【Simple to Operate】Allurium Hair Growth Serum Just drop it directly on the hair root and massage for full absorption, and continuous application will achieve visible effect to leave your hair shiny, silky and soft more easily.
- HAIR GROWTH SERUM FOR HAIR LOSS is a safe hair loss solution for those who want their hair to have a greater look by achieving the perfect volume. The Hydrating Serum is easy to apply and has breathtaking results. Achieve the gorgeous voluminous hair you always wanted with this Hair Growth Treatment for women and men
- NATURAL HAIR GROWTH PRODUCTS we are proud to say that this hair thickener product for women & men is not bound to any chemicals that may be harmful to your hair. Our Hair Regrowth Serum has passed several tests, and is 100% Cruelty free, sulftae free, paraben free, silicone free, color safe, and is beneficial to ALL HAIR TYPES.
- BIOTIN FOR HAIR GROWTH is the star component of our products. Biotin oil is an innovative compound also known as Vitamin H or Vitamin B7, responsible for blocking the DHT Hormone, stimulating hair growth, and nourishing dry broken strands. Therefore, our serum is perfect for those who face hair loss and hair growth issues.
- HAIR THICKENER FOR FINE HAIR our unique lightweight NATURAL formula absorbs into each fine hair strand, nurturing them with moisture and protection from the inside and out, resulting in instant hair volume and shine. Attain the perfect blowout, promote faster hair growth, and protect your precious thinning hair with this Hair Serum for Dry Damaged Hair Treatment .
- BIOTIN HAIR SERUM FOR HAIR GROWTH Watch your hair grow beautiful and strong, with this hair shine serum. IT’S 100% RISK FREE - You are covered by our re:fund guarantee: Hair Serum will promote gorgeous, thicker, fuller, stronger hair - or we will you re:fund you, NO questions asked!
- This leave-in serum contains DHT Hormone blockers with a unique all-natural formula that renews the hair follicle of the scalp, increasing hair density promoting fullness, and combating hair loss.
- INTENSIVE HAIR REGROWTH: The Intensive Growth Drops contain 12 key ingredients formulated to promote fuller, stronger hair and renewal of the scalp follicles. Key Ingredients: Castor Oil, Herbal Extracts, Pea and Apple Sprout Cell Extract, Vitamin E, Rosemary, Peppermint, and Essential Oils.
- HAIR LOSS TREATMENT: Kerotin Intensive Growth Drops is a scalp stimulant designed for women who suffer from hair loss (alopecia) or want to avoid hair loss and improve overall hair health such as density and fulness. A scalp treatment suitable for all types of hair.
- 100% NATURAL INGREDIENTS: A blend of all-natural extracts that stimulate the scalp and reduce hair loss. This non-greasy serum is free of minoxidil, a common drug used to stimulate hair growth, which can cause allergies and rashes.
- 100% MADE IN THE USA AND NOT TESTED ON ANIMALS: Kerotin Hair Care products are created with the highest quality ingredients available to help women successfully navigate hair changes, offering healthy and effective solutions for each need. Products do not have side effects and are free of alcohol and parabens.
Is there anything you look for in a high-quality Hair Serum For Hair Growth? Surely we know what we’re talking about. When there are so many options, it can be difficult to decide which one is right for you. We have done a lot of research and put together lists that should help you narrow down your choices. There is a list of questions that you must have on your mind. It is still important for you to do your own research, even though Nola Women has done everything they can to help you. It is necessary for you to check out any relevant Hair Serum For Hair Growth before purchasing them.
Does it make sense to invest in Best Hair Serum For Hair Growth? Which company offers the most effective Hair Serum For Hair Growth in the current market? · What are the advantages of purchasing Best Hair Serum For Hair Growth? · What factors should be considered when picking the right Hair Serum For Hair Growth?
There must be more questions in your head. If you want to find out what your answers are, you have to do your research and talk to someone who knows what they’re talking about. Asking an expert is one of the best things to do! Potential sources for this type of information include buying guides, word-of-mouth, rating websites, testimonials from previous customers who have purchased these products, and online forums devoted to discussing topics related to BestHair Serum For Hair Growth.
When making a decision, you need to trust the most reliable sources. The library has accurate information about the top Hair Serum For Hair Growth. We use technology to create guides so you can be sure of what you are getting.
The list has been compiled with both big data and artificial intelligence, so it is objective and authentic. Each category’s top 10 lists are developed using custom software. There are many more options than just these two at the moment, but they will change frequently based on how quickly technology improves.
A variety of factors, including but not limited to: are considered when building a list.
There is proprietary data that identifies what users want and need.
In order to make smarter design decisions for their site or app in the future, we need insight into how users interact with each platform we operate on.
In addition to these two factors, we also consider the following:
If you want to purchase the highest quality Hair Serum For Hair Growth, you should compare prices. It is possible for some sellers to charge different amounts for their products because they have different costs associated with them such as taxes and shipping fees that must be factored in; however, Amazon offers great deals with the combo listings – just browse through other.
2- Brand Value
The price shouldn’t be the only consideration when buying a high-ranking Hair Serum For Hair Growth. It is important to check the brand name and see if it is well established or less popular, as this will influence how much they cost compared to other brands of the same quality. Well-known brands for this type of product tend to cost more than lesser-known ones, but there is also an issue of durability and efficiency, all depending on whether they have been around long enough.
You should ask yourself if the purchase is really necessary before making a purchase. If it isn’t for everyday use, you can save money by choosing an alternative option that will fit your budget better. Determine what kind of price range an item would fall into by considering whether or not it would be useful. We don’t want to be lured into buying products outside of our comfort zone just because they appear cheaper.
4- Product Reliability
It is important to ask yourself if a big purchase will fulfill your long-term needs before you make it. The products may or may not work for you, depending on their longevity.
5- Pros and Cons of the product
You should ask people who have used the product before if it has all the features you need. This will let you know what they think.
If any of the following applies to you, this product is for you:
You need an item that will last long enough to be used on a daily basis. You need it at an affordable price point so you don’t break your bank account or lose your faith.
6- Product Value
You can use The Most Valued Hair Serum For Hair Growth to evaluate and compare the value of each product.
It’s important to be aware of the quality before making a purchase. It is important to consider how long your purchase will last, as this will affect whether it was worth the investment in the first place.
Knowing the specifications of a product can give you an idea of its power.
The last thing you should do is get a warranty on your product. How come? I’m not sure what you’d do if something happened wrong with them or you wanted an exchange. You can also verify whether the seller offers returns on wrong orders as well as faulty products delivered to your house. This ensures ensures that no matter how buyer beware you may feel when buying online, there is always a safety net in place just waiting patiently until you need it.
10- Customer Reviews
If you are about to make a large purchase, reading through customer feedback may be the last thing on your mind. It is necessary for us to know what we are getting into and how well they will fulfill their promises before we make our purchases. We expect them to live up to our expectations.